A new iron pyrite oxygen alloy that has ~10% of the sulfur in iron pyrite replaced with oxygen to increase the band gap of the material. This resulting material has potentially greater photovoltages and improved photovoltaic efficiencies than iron pyrite.
Iron pyrite (FeS2) is a promising photovoltaic material because of its strong light absorption, sufficient minority carrier diffusion length, and relative abundance. However, the band gap of pyrite (Eg = 0.85-0.95 eV) is somewhat narrow for optimal photovoltaic applications and subsequently the open circuit voltage of pyrite based devices (Voc < 0.2 V) is too low.
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have developed a new iron pyrite oxygen alloy with a predicted band gap of 1.2-1.3 eV, compared to 0.85-0.95 eV for pure iron pyrite.
This alloy may be used in photovoltaic devices (solar panels).
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,450,120||09/20/2016||2012-769|