Parkinson’s disease (PD) and primary dystonia are common brain disorders that affect movement. Performing daily activities becomes increasing difficult and medication is insufficient for treatment of symptoms as severity increases. The best current technology for treatment of these disorders is deep brain stimulation (DBS) which uses stimulator electrodes inserted in the basal ganglia to alter electrical signaling. Determination of optimal stimulation is based on a “trial & error” approach and there is no accurate way to guide the therapy. Stimulation is performed as an “open loop”, meaning that there is no brain signal that can be used to monitor the effectiveness of therapy and control the stimulation automatically. Hence, programming of the stimulation requires several time consuming appointments before the optimal setting is determined; thus making it difficult to achieve immediate symptom relief. Identification of a novel method to guide DBS therapy for PD and dystonia is greatly needed.
Neurologists and Neurosurgeons at the University of California, San Francisco have identified a novel biomarker for Parkinson’s disease and dystonia. The biomarker signature is a hallmark specific to these disorders and could be used to adjust DBS stimulator settings in real-time and could guide therapy with more accuracy, thus, leading to faster symptom relief. Additionally, the ability to quickly determine the most optimal stimulator setting could decrease or eliminate the neuropsychiatric side effects associated with current calibration methods. Furthermore, the biomarker is detected less invasively than previously proposed biomarkers, without damaging the brain tissue. The signal is stable over a long period and can be easily quantified using current hardware and software. The biomarker has been evaluated in human patients using available devices and measurement methods. Since current devices can easily incorporate the use of this biomarker, this technology can be rapidly incorporated into clinical use.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,604,056||03/28/2017||2012-152|
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,295,838||03/29/2016||2012-152|