UCLA researchers in the Department of Physiology have developed a novel PET probe to monitor glucose metabolism and transport.
Positron Emission Tomography, or PET, is a functional medical imaging technique that allows physicians to monitor metabolic processes in the body. PET imaging has been particularly useful in monitoring brain activity and tumor detection by measuring glucose metabolism. This is achieved by using a PET probe that can bind to radiolabeled glucose administered during the examination. 2-[18F]-2deoxy-D-glucose, or 2FDG, the most common PET probe used to monitor glucose metabolism typically in the brain, can also be utilized to monitor heart function, and to identify tumors. This is because 2FDG is specifically taken up by cells that contain facilitated glucose transporters, or GLUTs, which are typically found in the brain, and in tumor cells. This however limits the use of the probe, as it cannot be used to monitor other glucose metabolism processes which are facilitated through other common glucose transport pathways, such as the sodium/glucose cotransporter, or SGLTs. The development of a novel PET probe that can be imported by SGLTs would allow physicians to monitor glucose metabolism in previously undetectable organ systems and tissues.
Professor Ernest Wright and colleagues at UCLA have developed a novel PET probe to monitor glucose metabolism and transport facilitated by SGLTs. This novel innovation can been used to monitor glucose metabolism in the kidneys, small intestines, heart, lung, brain, prostate, testis, and uterus, as well as metastatic tumor lesions. Additionally, the probe is highly specific for SGLTs, and is not a substrate for traditional GLUTs.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||8,845,999||09/30/2014||2004-192|
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