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Boron Phosphide and Its Material Systems for Thermal Management and Thermal Device Applications

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace engineering have developed a novel thermal management material, boron phosphide (BP), that is highly thermally conductive and inexpensive to manufacture, with many desirable properties to integrate with existing electronics and photonics devices.

Ultra-Durable Concrete with Self-Sensing Properties

Concrete is a major material component for transportation, energy, water, and building infrastructure systems. UCI researchers have developed a new class of concrete materials with extraordinarily high damage tolerance and improved properties for long-term health monitoring.

Plasmonic Nanoparticle Embedded PDMS Micropillar Array and Fabrication Approaches for Large Area Cell Force Sensing

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel cell force sensor platform with high accuracy over large areas.

Magneto-Optic Nanocrystalline Oxides Fabrication

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside developed a fabrication technique that is capable of manufacturing highly transparent Magneto-optic oxides with reduced processing times. Their technique employs CAPAD (current activated, pressure assisted densification). Briefly, rare earth material in powder form is exposed to a specific current, which heats the sample (below melting temp). Pressure is then applied to the powder, compressing it into the desired shape. The processing temperature is optimized in order to achieve sufficient density without causing excessive phase changes that would destroy light transparency. This process produces materials quickly (<20 min), which, combined with high magneto-optical properties, promises less expensive, smaller, more portable magneto-optical devices. Fig. 1 Top image is a schematic cross-section of the CAPAD apparatus. The bottom image displays a Dy2O3 (dysprosium oxide) sample processed using this method. The sample is suspended from a magnet. Lasers of various wavelengths still transmit through the sample This indicates that the desired magnetic/optical properties of the material have been preserved. Fig. 2 Graph of measured average grain size and density of Dy2O3 samples versus processing temperature. The graph shows that an ideal processing temperature is 1100˚C, providing the highest packing density and smallest grain sizes.    

Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Brief description not available

A Highly Error-Prone Orthogonal Replication System For Targeted Continuous Evolution In Vivo

Inventors at UC Irvine have engineered an orthogonal DNA replication system capable of rapid, accelerated continuous evolution. This system enables the directed evolution of specific biomolecules towards user-defined functions and is applicable to problems of protein, enzyme, and metabolic pathway engineering.

Composite Foam

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel composite foam for impact applications.

Clay Activation Of Pd(Ii) And Ni(Ii) Complexes For Ethylene Homopolymerization And Copolymerization With Methyl Acrylate

A clay-supported complex that includes a metal complex containing a phosphinobenzenesulfonate ligand coordinated to Pd(II) or Ni(II), and a clay combined with the metal complex.

Bioorthogonally-Engineered Extracellular Vesicles for Applications in Detection and Therapeutic Delivery

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are promising as drug delivery carriers because they are inherently biocompatible, It would be desirable to efficiently, specifically, and rapidly change the EVs surface presentation to program the interactions with its target cells. Inventors at UC Irvine have developed a strategy for functionalizing the cellular membranes of EVs with precision and ease.

Synthesis Of Graphene Nanoribbons From Monomeric Molecular Precursors Bearing Reactive Alkyne Units

Researchers in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry have developed a novel graphene nanoribbon synthesis, which have numerous applications in electronic devices.

High Performance Encapsulants with Tunable Elastic Properties

Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara have discovered a process of creating high performance encapsulants with tunable elastic properties. This entirely new approach improves the mechanical properties of encapsulants for LED devices.

Compact Voltage Sensor For Power-Lines

Power-lines for the distribution and transmission of high-voltage electricity are ubiquitous infrastructure of modern societies. Convenient means exists for measuring the currents in these power-lines. However measuring the voltages between conductors of power-lines is difficult and costly because it typically requires large and expensive equipment due to the high voltages (which can be tens or hundreds of thousands of volts). To address that situation, researchers at UC Berkeley have developed a novel, practical and inexpensive way to measure the conduct-to-conductor voltages of power-lines using components in just one conductor of overhead distribution and transmission power-lines. In addition to voltage, this technology can be augmented to measure current, power, and power flow directions. This Berkeley technology can also applied to power-lines in office buildings, factories and power substations.

Simple Method For Dc Capillary Electrophoresis

Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara have developed a microchannel geometry that observes and measures the motion of charged particles that enable one to perform simple DC electrophoresis to measure the electrophoretic mobility of analytes and particles.

A Novel Method to Prevent Postsurgical Cardiac Adhesions Using Oxime Crosslinked Hydrogels

An adhesion is a band of scar tissue that binds two parts of tissue that are not normally joined together. Adhesions may appear as thin sheets of tissue similar to plastic wrap or as thick fibrous bands. The tissue develops when the body's repair mechanisms respond to any tissue disturbance, such as surgery, infection, trauma, or radiation. Although adhesions can occur anywhere, the most common locations are within the stomach, the pelvis, and the heart Two main approaches exist for reducing or attempting to prevent cardiac adhesions: pharmacological therapy and physical barriers. Drugs that prevent or reverse adhesion processes disrupt biochemical pathways of inflammation and fibrin deposition. Unfortunately, these processes are also vital for wound healing. Achieving adequate drug concentration at the site of action, especially for ischemic tissues, is also challenging. A more viable approach is the use of a physical barrier after surgery to prevent fusion of the heart to surrounding tissues. The barriers can be either preformed membranes or injectable hydrogels (fast gelling liquids). Preformed anti-adhesive materials need to be cut before application to the tissue, and must be sutured into place to prevent slippage. While a variety of different materials have been investigated in animals and humans, no materials, to date, have been capable of preventing adhesion formation post-cardiac surgery.

Internal Heating for Ammonothermal Growth of Group-III Nitride Crystals

A new process for heating vessels used in the ammonothermal growth of group-III nitrides.

Butadiene Sulfone (BDS) as a Green Multi-Functional Telomerization Agent for Tunable Hydrophobic Nanocellulose

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a green method green for the telomerization of cellulose using BDS as a multi-functional reagent, solvent and acid source.

Determination Of Absolute Configuration Of Secondary Alcohols Using A Competing Enantioselective Conversion Kit

The absolute configuration of an organic compound dictates its interactions with other chemicals. The Competing Enantioselective Conversion (CEC) method is an attractive method for determining the absolute configuration of secondary alcohols, but the preparation of stock reagent solutions takes longer than the analysis time itself – a mere 1-2 hours. The inventors at UCI have developed a CEC kit which contains stock solutions of the components required for CEC that remain stable and usable for several months.

Concentration Of Nanoparticles By Zone Heating Method

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have invented a novel method to concentrate nanoparticles (NPs) into metal crystals via zone melting.

Process For Recycling Surfactant In Nanoemulsion Production

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry have developed a novel method to separate and recycle surfactants used in the manufacturing of nanoemulsions.

Trademark: Flexible Fan Out Wafer Processing And Structure: Flextrate

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have invented a novel biocompatible flexible device fabrication method using fan-out wafer level processing (FOWLP).

Alpha1–2-Fucosyltransferase for Enzymatic Synthesis of Alpha1–2-linked Fucosylated Glycans

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have discovered an alpha1–2-fucosyltransferase that efficiently catalyzes the synthesis of alpha1–2-linked fucosylated glycans that can contain different internal glycans.

Tunable Thz Generation In Chip-Scale Graphene

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a novel tunable and efficient terahertz (THz) plasmon generation on-chip via graphene monolayers.

Thermally Stable Silver Nanowire Transparent Electrode

UCLA researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering have developed a novel transparent and flexible electrode material for optoelectronic device applications.

Method of Fluid Manipulation By Electrodewetting

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel method that allows the manipulation of liquid droplets on a surface.

Rapid And Selective Cycloaddition Reaction For Applications In Molecular Imaging

UCLA researchers in the Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry have designed a new reaction with 18F-chemistry platform, allowing a highly selective, efficient and rapid approach to label biomolecules with a chemical reporter (i.e. radionuclide, fluorescent dye) for molecular imaging.

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